Water and other liquids are used moved from one place to the other with the aid of a pump that makes the movement easy by applying pressure on the liquids. Pumps have existed in making the transport of water easy since the early Egyptian era. Due to the development of technology, pumps have seen a great improvement in the way they function in making it even more easy for them to be used to move water. There exist different varieties of pipes differentiated by their functionality and where they are used.
Pumps are classified into dynamic pumps and positive displacement pumps depending on their mechanical action. Centrifugal pumps are type of dynamic pumps that operates by the difference in the fluids pressures in the outlet and inlet of the pump. The difference in the pressure is what drives the pump when pumping the fluids in a plant. Centrifugal pumps is among the first pumps to be invented in use and has been in use the longest. Centrifugal pump has had developments due to the advancement of technology.
Another type of dynamic pump is the submersible pump that operates when fully submerged in water. They are made to function while in water and a good example is the septic pumps. Another type of dynamic pump is the fire hydrant pump that is powered by diesel or electric motors. For the pump to work at its best, it has divisions that work together in ensuring that there is a proper flow of the liquids.
Diaphragm pumps are driven pumps that function by the pressure exerted by the air and is also a type of positive displacement pumps. The air used to run the pump is directed in a way that it will aid the whole system to pump the liquids in a required manner. The pumps are used in ensuring that toxic liquids are moved safely to avoid any pollution. Another type of positive displacement pumps is the gear pumps that work depending on the action along the mesh. They are capable of pumping water at high pressures and succeed in pumping highly viscous liquids efficiently.
Peristaltic pumps are made for mixing and blending fluids of different types to give an end product. They are used in chemical and water treatment plants and are also used in food processing industries. The Piston pump is a type of positive displacement pump that works when the pistons move in alternate motion with the high pressure seals. Piston pumps are used in many applications and can also be applied in the transfer of chocolate for example.